It is estimated that distributions of over 2,000 taxa in the SEE region are limited to only one or several economies in the area – endemic taxa. These taxa (species and subspecies) are among the most attractive taxa and their limited distribution makes them vulnerable and unique to a defined geographic location. Endemic taxa are found in different sources of information includingnational red lists of flora or fauna in the region and much has been done on collecting and compiling data about their distribution, ecology and conservation (in line with CBD and EU guidance). However, due to a lack of close cooperation and communication, a number of issues in nomenclature (correct use of scientific names) and taxonomy (scientific status) interferes with and hampers efficient use of this information for conservation of endemic taxa. This issue is also raised within the IUCN ECARO draft document “State of Nature Conservation Systems in SEE” (2017) along with the overall need for continued increased efforts to support biodiversity conservation in the region.
The result of this activity is a contribution to the scientific community and support to recognition of the SEE region as an important biodiversity hotspot.
Objective: Development of agreed and harmonized evidence of endemic taxa in the SEE region for improved conservation of biodiversity
Current List of Endemic Taxa of SEE include vascular plants, mammals, amphibians, reptiles and beetles (Coleoptera). The Regional Expert Team consists of 13 taxonomists (5 botanists, 2 herpetologists, 1 mammologist, 5 entomologists and 1 GIS analyst. The Macedonian Ecological Society (MES) has been administering the entire process and is an organization currently registered as a data publisher on the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF).